Pathological History: Importance of Preventive Investigation | welfare

When we should Regular check up To know how healthy we are, it is important to be clear that there are general studies where blood extraction, urine sample and X-ray are basic to give a normal appearance. In addition, a conversation with a doctor will allow the specialist to note our symptoms, if any. Thanks to this, after reading the analyses, the specialist in charge may choose to order some additional tests according to the medical history, where personal history is important.

In personal history, for example, Pre-dating medical history refers to the existence of old episodes of illnesses or accidents that we have suffered throughout our lives. Likewise, data on the pathology our relatives have suffered is important to rule out any genetic inheritance that may – or may not – have been activated over time.

In addition, Evaluation is also done The presence of allergies For some drugs. So, for example, it’s important to mention the medications we take or certain types of diets, whether they’re high in sodium, low in calories, or high in protein. Thus, we proceed to basic tests like glucose level, liver and lipid profile, complete urinalysis, blood count and lung x-ray and then move on to more specific tests based on our history.

Regular checkup is very important for our health.

What checkups are necessary for our health?

Sputum examination For example, it helps us to determine the quality of mucus secretion, besides the possibility that bronchial secretions may contain some bacteria that cause inflammation, shortness of breath, fever, cough or other clinical manifestations.

other side, Digestive endoscopy They help determine the quality of the gastric epithelium, which often becomes inflamed causing gastritis, a condition that causes burning pain radiating to the upper abdomen, below the sternum. Similarly, This Colonoscopy It is used to detect any changes in the colon epithelium, for example, chronic constipation, diverticulosis, polyps, among others.

day by day, Images are important in the field of traumatology, Because they help us define the surgical technique in patients who have fractured or who, perhaps, have pain in bones such as the tibia or hip, where there may be a stress fracture. MRI It gives us a much wider resolution than that offered by X-rays, as it also allows us to see the soft parts of the human body. This is extremely useful for patients with oncological pathology or for patients who have to undergo regular examinations due to significant family history.

In the field of gynecology, tests like that A viscous discharge from the vagina They help determine the likelihood that a woman may or may not have cervical cancer, one of the most common cancers. Similarly, This Mammography It will help to rule out oncological pathologies in the breast.

Cardiology helps us, By stress testing, To determine the heart’s response to physical stress. Furthermore, along its lines, Electrocardiogram It tells us about good or defective electrical conduction in the heart.

Spermatogram It is important to be able to monitor sperm motility, as well as the absence or presence of infection in semen. other side, This Ultrasound It is also extremely important in the field of obstetrics and sports medicine.

Thus we have multiple exams and tests that help us determine whether we are in optimal health. If we keep all our files in order to carry out our annual controls, we have the potential to apply prevention at its highest level. I also believe that more than 70% of diseases can be avoided by disciplined control and monitoring of our health.

In that sense, it is essential to reflect on our health objectives for 2024. For example, they might think about restoring a particular joint, controlling blood pressure with exercise and reducing sodium in the diet, improving sleep quality, exercising five times a week, improving my hormonal controls, etc.

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