How is the nutritional status of patients in the Intern?

Mayka Mafé, Gema Navarro, Fernando Garrachón, Sheila Abad and Felipe Isidro.

On the occasion of National Nutrition Daywhich will take place on May 28, internists from the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (SEMI) draw attention to the importance of nutrition to maintain a good state of health in the general population and also to prevent complications during hospital admission, for which they stress that nutritional assessment is essential of the person admitted to the hospital, together with the rest of the evaluations and/or tests that they require. And, in this sense, they remind the general population that “a healthy diet is essential to have a good health and well-being and quality of life”.

“One of every 4 patients admitted to Internal Medicine is malnourished. And 20 percent become malnourished during hospitalization. We know that this ledhigher morbidity and mortality and longer hospital stay. For this reason, it is key for the evolution of our patients to make an early diagnosis and treatment”, says Mayka Mafé, SEMI internist

In the same vein, Gema Navarro, a SEMI internist doctor, considers that “maintaining good nutritional status is essential so that the functions of our body and of all systems are maintained optimally and at the same time”.

Nutrition, an ally for patients with COPD and HF

Fernando Garrachón, SEMI internist, also recalls the special importance of nutrition in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): “Nutritional support and nutritional management of the management of patients with COPD is absolutely vitall, especially for two reasons: because of the importance of adequate musculature that will allow a good respiratory pump and breathe more adequately, and because the patient with COPD has certain conditions in their muscular involvement that make it important to individualize their evaluation, especially that of the lower limbs”.

COPD is not the only pathology where good nutrition is especially important. “Heart failure (HF) is a pathology with a significant prevalence which represents a significant burden of care. It is shown that the HF and malnourished patients have worse outcomes, they get more complicated, they spend more time in the hospital, and they have more complications, so they die more. Therefore, It is an aspect to take into account. malnutrition in HF must be managed so that patients have a better quality of life and the prognosis of the disease is more favorable”, explains Sheila Abad, SEMI internist

In addition to taking care of the food that is eaten, according to Felipe Isidro, Professor of Physical Education, it should be complemented with daily activities. “There is a ‘medication’ that, together with nutrition, greatly favors the fight against sarcopenia (the loss of muscle mass, strength and function); is he exercise, specifically strength training, which together with an adequate protein intake, will stop this sarcopenia and will restore strength, mass and muscle function. Exercise for your own good and that of your loved ones”.

Although it may contain statements, data or notes from health institutions or professionals, the information contained in Medical Writing is edited and prepared by journalists. We recommend the reader that any questions related to health be consulted with a health professional.

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