What are its symptoms and how is it spread?

In our country, the transmission of this virus ceased in 1993, and since then only imported cases have been detected.

He Ministry of Health confirmed the case measles in chile. The patient is 42 years old and traveled a few months ago for academic reasons to Algiers, where the virus is believed to have originated.

From the portfolio, they confirmed that they perform epidemiological investigation appropriate for this occasion. Therefore, it will be analyzed whether there are active patients who have been in contact with the infected. In addition, it was announced that vaccination protocol for the population at risk.

This case refers to a group specifically unprotected from measles: born between 1971 and 1981 who have never been or have never been vaccinated against the virus. Therefore, Minsal is asking this segment to get vaccinated against measles before going abroad.

In Chile, transmission of the disease was eradicated 30 years ago.. Only in these last decades import caseswithout causing disease outbreaks.

Measles in Chile: symptoms and transmission

This is an infectious disease transmitted by airborne droplets (snot or sneezing). These sprays they can be kept suspended for up to 2 hours, making it easier to transfer. It is also spread through direct contact with nasal secretions.

The best way to prevent infection is to get vaccinated. This step is very important because no antiviral treatment against this disease. Especially given its high mortality rates.

The first symptom of measles is usually heat which lasts 4 to 7 days. In the future, there may be cough, red watery eyes, runny nose and small white spots on the cheeks. However, his most recognizable cuteness is his appearance. exanthemaThis red or purple lesion or rash which can appear in various parts of the body and can last from 1 to 2 weeks.

A person can be contagious up to 4 days before and up to 4 days after the rash appears.

In the most severe cases, this can lead to complications such as pneumonia, blindness, encephalitis, ear infections, or persistent diarrhea. All these signs can end in death, especially in up to 5 years and over 30and mainly in patients with a weak immune system.

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