Ann Pawn We tell you about the most relevant events of August 21 and we tell what is celebrated on this day, who was born and who died.
1526.- Spanish Toribio Alonso de Salazar, named after the Spanish king and emperor Charles V, discovered the Caroline Islands in the Pacific.
1795.- The National Convention approves the constitution that gives executive power to the Directorate during the French Revolution.
1812.- Swiss explorer and adventurer Johann Ludwig discovered the ruins of Petra in Jordan.
1846.- In the war between the United States and Mexico, the Americans captured the city of Santa Fe, the capital of New Mexico.
1864.- Signed the Geneva Convention and the creation of the International Red Cross to aid the victims of war conflicts.
1872.- Fire destroyed Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies.
1910.- Japan announced the annexation of Korea as a protectorate.
1911.- Louvre museum personnel discovered the robot of “La Gioconda”, recovered years later in Florence.
1922. – Irish nationalist leader and finance minister Michael Collins is assassinated during an ambush in the village of Béal na Amblath during the country’s civil war.
1926.- Military coup led by Georges Kondylis removed the dictatorship of Theodoros Pangalos in Greece.
1930.- Soldier Luis Sánchez Cerro leads a revolutionary declaration in Arequipa (Peru) that ends with the one-year government of Augusto B. Leguía.
1968. – Pope Pablo VI arrives in Bogotá, the first papal visit to Latin America.
1978.- A Sandinista commando of 25 guerrillas storms the National Palace of Nicaragua and takes possession of legislators belonging to dictator Anastasio Somoza.
1998.- The Ejercito Nacional de Liberation Irish (INLA) announces a cessation of hostilities in Ulster after 23 years of violence.
2001.- The Discovery shuttle, with three astronauts aboard, landed at Cape Canaveral (Florida, United States) after five months in space.
2003.- A VLS-3 Kohete, which was prepared to put the satellite into orbit, exploded at the Alcântara Launch Center (Brazil), killing 16 engineers.
2004.- Two of Edvard Munch’s most famous paintings “El Scream” and “La Madonna” were stolen in Oslo (Norway).
2006.- A Russian Tu-154 aircraft crashed due to lightning during an emergency landing in Ukraine and killed 169 passengers.
2010.- Three miners trapped in the reserves of San Jose in Atacama (Chile) were rescued alive after 17 days of searching.
2012.- Russia joined the World Trade Organization (WTO).
2020.- Russian rival Alexei Navalny, who was poisoned a few days ago at Omsk airport (Siberia), arrives in Berlin for treatment at La Charite’s university hospital.
1647.- Dionis Papin, French physicist.
1862.- Claude-Achille Debussy, French composer.
1893 – Dorothy Parker, American writer.
1898 – Alexander Calder, American sculptor.
1902 – Leni Riefenstahl, German photographer.
1904 – Deng Xiaoping, Chinese leader.
1928 – Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer.
1934 – Norman Schwarzkopf, US Army.
1936.- Peter Mladenov, former President of Bulgaria.
1941 – Enrique Loewe, Spanish businessman.
1961.- Andrés Calamaro, Argentine singer-songwriter, musician, composer and producer.
1964 – Mats Wilander, Swedish tennis player.
1995.- Dua Lipa, British singer
1877.- Tomas Price, Spanish circus entrepreneur.
1878.- Maria Cristina de Bourbon, Queen of Spain.
1980.- James McDonnell, American aviation pioneer.
1998.- Elena Garro, Mexican writer.
2003.- Imperio Argentina (Magdalena Nile del Río), Spanish-Argentine singer.
2009.- Matilde Ladron de Guevara, Chilean writer.
2016.- Edward Malefakis, American historian.
2017.- John Abercrombie, American musician.
2020.- Walter Lure, American musician member of the punk rock band “The Heartbreakers”
2021.- Don Everly, American musician of the “Everly Brothers” duo.