Although it looks like an invention taken from the head of some TikTok influencer or from the lifestyle section of some media, it is carbonated drink made from fermented tea and bacteria Even 2000 years ago, it was valued for its beneficial qualities in China.
It is said that Emperor Qin Shi Huang himself took it to prolong his life. tea mushroom became known as tea of immortality and since then nature of the “miracle drink”, thanks in part to growing research on the importance of gut health. Resulting global market $1.72 billion in accordance with Analysis of the future market which is expected to continue to rise in the coming years.
Its proponents claim that it helps prevent and treat diseases, from digestive problems to blood pressure or cancer. However, there are few studies to support this. The best evidence suggests that kombucha may provide benefits similar to other probiotics. This includes supporting the immune system or preventing constipation.
what is kombucha
Like yogurt, kefir, kimchi, or miso, kombucha is classified as a fermented food.
Fermentation is the process by which microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, convert food compounds into others. Thus, sugars are converted into acids, gases or alcohols, acting as natural preservatives. Hence, they are probiotics.
So kombucha is fermented drink made from tea, sugar, bacteria and yeast. Fermentation is achieved by culture of bacteria and yeast known as SCOBY, (Symbiotic culture of baceria and yeast).
The end result, according to the Mayo Clinic, is a drink that contains vinegar, B vitamins and many other types of acids, including amino acids.
Does drinking kombucha improve health?
This low calorie carbonated drink Available in various flavors. WITH light touch of vinegarit may be a healthier alternative to traditional soft drinks.
Kombucha is sometimes sold as a product removes toxins, improves immunity, helps to lose weightin addition to protecting against diseases such as diabetes, hypertension or cancer.
However, evidence to support these claims is scarce to date.
According to a review of the literature on proven health benefits of kombucha only one human study could be identified. published in a magazine Annals of Epidemiology In 2019, 24 adults with non-insulin dependent diabetes participated in this study. stabilize blood sugar levels within normal limits after consuming kombucha for 3 months. But according to the review authors, many of the claims attributed to the drink are based on anecdotal and unverified findings.
In terms of cell or animal studies, he points out that for this drink, “only antioxidant and antimicrobial propertiesSome tests in rats have shown its ability to reduce liver toxicity caused by toxic chemicals.
True, on the other hand, it is prepared from tea, usually from black or green tea, which have a high polyphenol content and other antioxidants that have been linked to important health benefits.
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A pilot essay was recently published in the magazine. food boundaries, suggests that Kombucha can be used to treat diabetes. Twelve type 2 diabetic patients had reduced blood glucose levels after drinking the drink for 4 weeks. However, the results need to be confirmed by a larger study.
It should be noted that kombucha contains alcohol due to the natural fermentation process. However, the percentage is so low (less than 0.5%) that it is not considered an alcoholic beverage, since the rules for alcoholic beverages set more than 1.2%.
With regard to possible risks, this may lead to upset stomach, infections and allergic reactions in some people, according to the Mayo Clinic. In general, it is better to take it ready-made than to make it at home.
The reason for this lies in the use of SCOBY. This “living organism” can attract not only beneficial bacteria, but also harmful organisms that do not die with poor fermentation. In particular, one of the most frequently found is aspergillus mold can cause serious breathing problems.