In the next 30 years, number of adults with diabetes worldwide will more than double. Global cases can reach 1.3 billion in 2050if effective strategies are not envisaged, assesses a recent report as Lancet.
diabetes mellitus is a serious chronic disease characterized by elevated blood glucose levels associated with the abnormal influence of certain cells on the action of insulin. It’s about eighth leading cause of death and disability world.
In 2021, 529 million people worldwide were living with the disease. Predominantly in type 2 diabetes mellitus (96.0% of the total number of cases) a condition that occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin that is “largely preventable”.
However, “all data indicate that the prevalence of diabetes worldwide is increasing, mainly due to an increase in obesity caused by multiple factors,” the study emphasizes.
The 3P Rule for Diabetes Detection
Although it is not known what causes type 2 diabetes, everything points to a combination of factors, some of which are easily modifiable. He excess weight is one of them, but also a sedentary lifestyle.
At what age is it most likely to develop diabetes?
By age, the investigation calculated that 485 million adults aged 20 to 79 with diabetes in 2021.
Globally, the overall prevalence of the disease exceeded 20% in all age groups from 65 to 95 years, but was less than 1% in the age groups under 20 years of age.
Children and teenagers can also develop the disease, but the risk increases with a person’s age. According to the CDC and the American Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NNIDK) a person is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if they are older than 45.
The chance also increases in the following cases:
- if you are overweight or obese.
- if you have a family history of diabetes.
- people of Native American, black, Hispanic, Asian, or Pacific ancestry.
- People who are not physically active due to physical limitations, a sedentary lifestyle, or jobs that require sitting for long periods of time.
- you have prediabetes.
- have a history of gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy, or have had a baby weighing more than 4 kg.
Children and adolescents are also at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes if, in addition to these risk factors, were born with low birth weight or if their mother had gestational diabetes.
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are often appear within a few years and can be so mild you don’t even notice. “Some people don’t know the diagnosis until they have such clear signs of blurred vision or heart disease,” warns NNIDK.
The most common symptoms include:
- increased thirst and urge to urinate
- increased hunger
- Feeling tired
- blurry vision
- numbness or tingling in the legs or arms
- ulcers that don’t heal
- weight loss for no apparent reason
Diabetes can increase the risk of up to 57 diseases. To avoid dangerous health risks, it is necessary to treat the disease and control insulin levels. Hence it is necessary to detect the disease as early as possible.