July 8, World Allergy Day, whose purpose is to inform the public of its importance by making it visible, disseminating and providing the necessary education about allergic diseases and related disorders, trying to diagnose and find suitable and effective treatments that improve the quality of life all people who suffer from any of these conditions.
currently between 400 million to 600 million people in the world suffer from allergies, according to WHO, this figure is growing due to changing of the climate progressive on a global scale. It is estimated that by 2050, half of the population will be in such conditions due to increased environmental pollutionlifestyle change, empowerment allergenicity from external pollution.
Global warming and climate change cause allergies pictures are more severe. Data from recent years explains this phenomenon: allergy seasons appear earlier, persist over time, and symptoms become more intense. That’s why it’s becoming a public health issue that comes at a high cost.
Allergy is an overreaction of the immune system, immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies act against specific allergens and thus on cells the immune systemmast cells release chemicals responsible for allergic symptoms.
Allergens can be:
– in-house: These are mites, house dust, fungus in pipes.
– Outside the home: Pollen from trees, grasses, weeds.
-Mixed: Pollution, tobacco smoke, car exhaust, buses.
especially people with family history of allergies (genetics) can cause reactions, so it is important to consult a medical specialist who will be responsible for carefully studying the events presented by people, conducting a detailed interview, requesting additional research and indicating precautions that need to be taken into account.
It should be noted that in some cases the reaction can be triggered from one moment to the next, and sometimes the reaction appears for the first time, without knowing what might happen, for example, an allergy to insect stings, wasps, ants or certain foods. . . .
When food which can cause allergies, they form a group of the most common:
– Fish and shellfish
Also, against the background of drugs, an allergic reaction may occur. It can be:
– Antibiotics such as penicillin or cephalosporins
Upon contact with allergens, a sharp release occurs inflammatory mediators this will cause an immediate reaction and after that insult there will be a late reaction, with symptoms more floral.
Among specialists dealing with these diseases, very often they talk about “allergic march”
In this sense, allergy is most often manifested as follows:
– IN first months of lifeprotein allergy cow’s milkgastrointestinal allergy
– Between 3 or 4 years life appears atopic eczema
– Later, about 6 and 12 years old the gift is made allergic rhinitis
– He asthma It can appear at very early stages and persist throughout life.
Cardinal symptoms occur in response to contact with an allergen. They present immediately with itching in the nose, eyes and palate, sneezing that occurs in fits and starts (10 to 15 times), a runny nose (thick secretion) similar to egg white, and later nasal congestion, which can have consequences during sleep, during sleep (sometimes the appearance of snoring).
These symptoms may be present throughout the year and worsen over time. change of seasons, in autumn, spring or appear against the background of certain allergens.
40% of people with allergic rhinitis have asthma. And 80% of people with asthma suffer from allergic rhinitis. In Argentina, the prevalence is about 20.5%, which is 1 in 5 people or 2 in 10 people. Many people are undiagnosed and self-medicate out of necessity.
Allergic people are very susceptible to persistent inflammatory process and for this reason they tend to have recurrent viral infections especially children with an immature immune system who attend nurseries, true nurseries in contact with other children, and usually get sick with these pictures, repeated 6 to 8 times a year.
1- patient education with regard to personal care, including extremely simple aspects such as how to blow your nose, as the nostrils are essential and necessary for good ventilation and ability to breathe.
2- don’t walk barefoot
3- Basic dress according to temperature
4- Keep the sick room clean. Recommended to clean with a damp cloth
5- Avoid bears
6- ventilate environment
7- Usage acaricides
8- Mattress covers and pillows.
9- Do not use perfume or incense to avoid irritation of the nostrils.
Treatment should always be prescribed by a doctor. It is very important to avoid self-medication.
Dr. Stella Maris Cuevas: Minnesota: 81701 Otolaryngologist – Odor Expert – Allergist Former President of the Buenos Aires Association of Otolaryngologists (AOCBA)