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COP27 opens list to analyze how to compensate climate victims

Sharm el Sheikh (Egypt), Nov 6 (EFE).- The COP27 Climate Summit opened today in the Egyptian city of Sharm el Sheikh with the promise that for the first time since the adoption of the United Nations climate convention it will discuss how developing countries affected by climate change will be compensated. “Loss and damage” is the name that in United Nations jargon corresponds to this thorny issue that for years was left out of the COP debates, whose content is decided by consensus between the parties (more than 190 between countries and organizations international), given the refusal of developed countries such as the United States. The adoption of this element in the discussions was celebrated by the president of COP27, the Egyptian Foreign Minister, Sameh Sukri, who acknowledged that on this occasion the decision was made due to the “responsibility and commitment” of all parties and their collective will to preserve “the credibility and relevance of the climate process by making the right decision”. This decision was the first act of this event that will last until November 18, after it was formally established with, precisely, the appointment of Shukri as its direct responsible before the plenary meeting of the representatives of the parties. In his inaugural address, Sukri indicated that the objective of the meeting will be “a turning point when it comes to achieving collective multilateral action.” As the Egyptian authorities have been indicating for weeks, this meeting will seek “tangible results”, since for the world “it is time to move from the negotiation phase to that of implementing the commitments” made. UNPRECEDENTED HEAT The start of the COP27 served for the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to publish a study that reflects that due to greenhouse gases and the accumulation of heat, the last eight years are on track to be the warmest of those there is proof. In an interim report of the ‘State of the global climate 2022’, the WMO assured that this year extreme heat waves, droughts and devastating floods have affected “millions of people and have caused losses valued in billions”. He also pointed out that it is currently estimated that the global average temperature in 2022 will exceed approximately 1.15 [de 1,02 a 1,28] °C the average of the pre-industrial period (1850-1900). “Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere are so high that we will barely be able to limit warming to 1.5°C, the least ambitious goal of the Paris Agreement,” the document said. The report also pointed out that since 1993 the speed at which the sea level rises has doubled, which has risen almost 10 millimeters since January 2020 and this year marked a new maximum. CLIMATE CHAOS Faced with this situation, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres greeted the opening of COP27 with the somber message that planet earth “is sending a distress signal.” “The state of the global climate is a chronicle of climate chaos,” he asserted. Guterres stressed that “change is happening with catastrophic speed” with dire consequences for the lives of people and habitats on all continents. To address the climate emergency, “we must act ambitiously and decisively; COP27 must be the place and now must be the time,” concluded the UN president. More than 40,000 attendees are expected to attend this meeting, in which he believes it will be the climate summit with the most participants in history, according to his presidency. At least a hundred heads of state and government have already confirmed their participation in this summit, including the US president, Joe Biden; the President of the Spanish Government, Pedro Sánchez, and the British Prime Minister, Rishi Sunak, although there are still some aspects of the agenda that will be closed throughout today’s session. EFE amr/rs/fpa (photo)(video)(report to camera) (c) Agencia EFE

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